Friday Flow Or Not

I shared the link to yesterday’s post about The Dean of Baltimore sports, Vince Bagli, with some of my friends and former compatriots in the Baltimore sports community. All of them graciously thanked me for “remembering” them and were very grateful for having known Vince.

Mel Kiper and I had a long conversation yesterday, our chats are almost never short, and for much of the time we talked about Vince Bagli. If you are not of a certain age and/or were not a Baltimore sports fan while Vince was on the air, you just can’t appreciate the impact he had on us.

Of all of the seemingly inordinately large number of deaths of sports figures this year, Vince Bagli’s is the most difficult one to process for me.


Maybe 101 Octane gas doesn’t add much horsepower by itself, after all. I asked Josh at HPA, the person/company that performed the intake/exhaust mods on my Z06, about using such gas since it’s available in Arizona. He wrote, “Putting it in may pick up a few hp but not much without being more aggressive with tuning.”

Since I don’t want to have the tuning altered (meaning changing the ECM programming, I assume) and void the powertrain warranty that’s valid until next July AND don’t want to HAVE to use the 101 Gas, which is not cheap, I will not use it on a regular basis. As I wrote to Josh, though, I may try one tank just to see if I notice any change.



A recent picture of the Z06 in front of what will (hopefully) be our former house in the not too distant future. If it were possible, we would simply move the house to a vacant lot in our new location. We are not moving because of dissatisfaction with our dwelling, the extensive repairs needed to close on the sale notwithstanding. My wonderful wife and I love this house in which we have lived for ten years. However, and for the nth plus nth time, the only constant in the world is change.

I really believe that saying, by the way. It’s not just a cliché to me. I know people who think they can avoid bad change by trying to avoid all change. Life doesn’t work that way.


For some reason, and don’t take my mentioning of this as a complaint, a number of today’s Disaffected Musings readers are from the Netherlands. I hope one of those readers sees this and posts a comment as to how they found the blog.

I have never been there although while in Luxembourg we weren’t too far away. From Vianden in the north-central part of the country to Maastricht in the extreme south of The Netherlands is only about a 90-mile drive. Why Vianden? How about this?


See the source image


From timetravelturtle a picture of Vianden Castle in Vianden, Luxembourg. We visited the castle and the lovely town in which it sits during our trip to Europe in 2014 (!). I know I took many photos at this venue, but that was two iPhones ago and I wasn’t using iCloud storage in those days. I still have these two wonderful photos from Luxembourg, though:



Sorry, readers from The Netherlands. I mean no offense by steering the dialogue to Luxembourg. The top photo is from Place du Marche in Echternach, Luxembourg, which is the country’s oldest town. It grew around the abbey that was founded in 698. No, I didn’t forget the leading “1” in that year.

The bottom picture is from the Grund area of Luxembourg City, the country’s capitol. I loved that trip and if travel becomes feasible again before I grow too old to partake, I would like to return. Maybe this time we’ll travel to The Netherlands as well.










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Japanese Invasion

No, I am not referring to a planned invasion of the US by the Japanese military during World War II. (By the way, I believe Vince Bagli–subject of today’s first post–served in the Navy during that war.)

On this day in 1958 the first Datsun dealership in the US was opened in San Diego by Ray Lemke. In 1960, 1,640 Datsun vehicles–including trucks–were sold in the US. By 1970, that number had increased to 155,021, also including trucks. In 1980, 516,890 Datsun cars (not including trucks) were sold in the US.

That is simply a remarkable transformation of the US automobile market, a true Japanese invasion. In just the ten years from 1960 to 1970, US Datsun sales increased almost a hundred-fold. Of course, 1970 was also the model year introduction for the legendary 240Z. From Classic Cars, a picture of a 1970 240Z:


See the source image


As I have written before, I think the exterior design of the 240Z is one of the greatest in automotive history. One trend in the market for these cars is, believe it or not, resto-modding. I have seen multiple examples of these cars fitted with Chevrolet small-block V-8s and more modern transmissions, both manual and automatic. Whether the cars’ suspension, brakes, steering, etc. have been upgraded as well, I don’t know. Of course, they should be upgraded both to keep the car safe and to take advantage of the upgraded drivetrain. However, monetary constraints probably have prevented a “full” restomod build in some instances.

I think a 240Z restomod is a great idea, but that should not surprise regular readers. I welcome your thoughts.








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Vince Bagli

The name Vince Bagli might not mean anything to most of you, but to Dr. Zal, David Banner (not his real name), Bob, Dr. Hoss and me, Vince Bagli was an icon. He was the “Dean” of Baltimore sportscasters. Sadly, Vince Bagli died on Tuesday at the age of 93.

He and I met in the mid-1980s. I had an Orioles’ press pass since I hosted a sports radio talk show in the Baltimore area. We first met in the Press “Lounge,” the place where members of the media could grab a meal, sit down and chat. One day, I saw him there and got up the courage to introduce myself to him and told him how much I admired his work. Somehow, the conversation turned to the 1944 St. Louis Browns. When I correctly answered “George McQuinn” to Vince’s question about who was the starting first baseman for the ’44 Browns, I had a friend for life. “I just love it when these young guys have an interest in baseball history,” he said.

After I began working for the Orioles a couple of years later I would usually sit in the press box during the games. Vince and I had many discussions about baseball. He had an open mind about what I was doing as a pioneer in sports analytics.

I leaned on his book, Sundays at 2 PM with the Baltimore Colts, for information about the 1958 Colts for my book about the greatest football teams of all time. It was through Vince that I was able to interview the great Lenny Moore. Vince did the “color” on Colts’ radio broadcasts from 1959 through the team’s last year in Baltimore, 1983.

Another Vince Bagli story: as I have written here before, NFL draft guru Mel Kiper–sorry, Mel, but I have to tell a tale on you–and I have been friends for a long time. Mel is also from Baltimore.

One day Mel and I were watching an Orioles’ game together, but not in the press box. We were in the upper deck in rightfield. We got hungry/thirsty and decided to find a concession stand. As we were walking we ran into Vince Bagli. Vince was elated. “This guy knows more about football than anyone and he’s from Baltimore and this guy knows more about baseball than anyone and he’s from Baltimore and they’re friends!” We chatted for a bit and then went to get some refreshments. Here’s where I have to tell on Mel: after the conversation, Mel asked, “Who was that?” I exclaimed, “Mel! That was Vince Bagli!” Mel just said he didn’t recognize him “in real life.”

Vince Bagli was absolutely one of the best people I have ever known. It sounds like a cliché, but we have far too few people in the world like him. Eerily, just last week I did an Internet search on him although I’m not sure why. To use his well-known signoff at the end of his sportscasts, “Vince, it’s been a pleasure.” My condolences to his family and to the Baltimore sportscasting community.


Vince Bagli Sports announcer Vince Bagli




1,000 Days And Cristy Lee

Yesterday was the 1,000th day that this blog has existed. It was also the day with the most views/visitors since before my one-week hiatus necessitated by the house-hunting trip to the desert and a medical procedure.

Although actual search terms are almost always hidden, I think yesterday’s traffic was largely due to people searching for Cristy Lee. I think some people are only just finding out that she is no longer on All Girls Garage. That surprises me because I think the new season, the first without her, debuted in April.

The three posts about her and her change in broadcast schedule account for more than 4 percent of all blog traffic in 2020. Where Is Cristy Lee? is easily the most viewed post of the year and in the history of this blog. Not counting the About page, Where Is Cristy Lee? has had more views than the next three highest posts for this year combined. From the Garage Squad website, Lee is now on that show, a picture:


See the source image


I’m not sure how, but I stumbled on the website yesterday. One of its posts is a list of “Brutal Truths.” Of course, one person’s truth can be another’s lies, but that’s another story.

Brutal Truth Number 7 (of 15) was Money, Fame & Success can make you happy. Here is more:


“Anyone who says otherwise is lying or probably stupid. Money, Fame & Success are tools which you can use to become anything you want. If you want to donate your wealth to the underprivileged and live as a monk in the Himalayas, you get to do that, if you want to travel the world and discover different cultures, ideas & ideologies, that is also an option.”

“Success means you have options, you are not constrained by your reality, you can say NO or YES when you feel like it.”

“Although money doesn’t buy your happiness it can buy positive experiences for you and those you care about, which used correctly will evolve into personal happiness.”

“Stop villainizing successful people just because they live better lives than you!”


I definitely agree with the last point. The “entertainment industry’s” portrayal of wealthy people is almost universally negative. However, EIGHTY PERCENT of American millionaires are first-generation millionaires; they did NOT inherit their wealth.

That truth leads me to Brutal Truth Number 10:

The Poor Stay Poor because they never try to learn. Of course, a large segment of the population feels that poor people in America are poor because they are oppressed. Sorry, most people in the developed world who are less well off are in that situation because of bad decisions they (or their parents) have made. More from this “Brutal Truth:”


“In order for anyone to achieve financial success they need a particular set of tools which to our surprise most people never ever research and acquire them.”

“These tools can make anyone rich, can get anyone the life they want if used to their fullest potential.”

“Although a good starting hand helps a lot, you can still do it even if you’ve been dealt an unfairly bad one.”

“These tools guarantee success. They are called learning, discipline, creativity & hard work!”


OK, I don’t think that anything guarantees success; life just doesn’t work that way. No one is owed or guaranteed anything. However, I think a large segment of the American population thinks they are owed a comfortable life just by mere virtue of their existence. Sorry, if some POS wants to stay home all day, every day smoking weed and playing video games, F*ck Him! (Tell us what you really think…)

The notion that government should support people who don’t want to work is frightening. Very few people always do the “right” thing or the “wrong” thing; most people respond to incentives and to disincentives. If people have strong incentive not to work, not to be productive then millions will take the easy way out. That would be an unpleasant place to live. Here is a remark by a “hero” to many of those who support government aid to people who don’t want to work, Franklin Delano Roosevelt:


“The lessons of history, confirmed by the evidence immediately before me, show conclusively that continued dependence upon relief induces a spiritual and moral disintegration fundamentally destructive to the national fiber. To dole out relief in this way is to administer a narcotic, a subtle destroyer of the human spirit. It is inimical to the dictates of sound policy. It is in violation of the traditions of America.”


Yesterday’s In Or Out? car, the Monteverdi High Speed 375, received five votes (all In) so the feature will continue. So far, 9 of 13 cars have been voted In, 3 Out and there was one tie.

In all honesty, I was hoping for a more even split of outcomes, but 13 cars is not a large sample. How do I choose the cars? In all honesty, I don’t know. I just have an “inspiration,” much in the same way I find topics for my (almost) daily post.

What make/model of car with a 12-cylinder engine and fewer than 50,000 miles is currently the least expensive such vehicle available on AutoTrader? A car like this:


See the source image


From (I didn’t use the AutoTrader photo because they are aggressively breaking links to pictures on their site) a picture of a 2001 Mercedes-Benz S 600. I am not a fan of Mercedes-Benz S and C class cars and not a fan of four-door automobiles, but AutoTrader has one of these for sale with only 43,249 miles offered at $7,495.

The original Top Gear show from the UK had an episode where the challenge, I think, for the three hosts was to find an inexpensive 12-cylinder car. If I recall correctly (IIRC) none of the cars were actually much good. Still, with just 43,000-ish miles one could buy a “practical” 12-cylinder car for a four figure sum. I would still rather have a Maserati Quattroporte if forced to buy a four-door, but different strokes for different folks. (DSFDF)







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In Or Out? 13

Yes, I have used the number 13 in a post title. After reflecting on yesterday’s “anniversary” I have decided to make an effort not to be controlled by random variables, by certain numbers. We’ll see how long I can manage.

Oh, WordPress did not eliminate the Classic Editor, but a glitch meant I could not access it in the manner to which I had become accustomed. The day that this platform does remove the classic option is the day I stop blogging.


This edition of In Or Out? is a hybrid. No, not a gas/electric hybrid, but a car in the original meaning of the word in an automotive context: a car with a European body and an American drivetrain. From a picture of a 1967 Monteverdi 375-S:


See the source image


When I was a teenager these may have been my absolute favorite cars. This 375 is from the first year of production with the body by Frua and not a later one with a body by Fissore.

Peter Monteverdi was a Swiss car builder, no doubt inspired by his father who repaired cars and trucks. He later became the top Swiss dealer of imported exotic cars like Ferrari and Rolls-Royce. Monteverdi was involved in Formula One racing, mainly as a builder in the late 1950s and early 1960s, but actually raced once although he retired after just a couple of laps.

The Monteverdi cars like the 375 were powered by a Chrysler drivetrain, a 440 cubic-inch V-8 producing 375 HP, but 480 LB-FT of torque and mated to a three-speed Torqueflite automatic transmission. The cars were actually called the High Speed 375.

In the picture it’s difficult to get a sense of the size and proportion of the car. The 375 was built on a truck-gauge steel frame with an aluminum body and had only a 98-inch wheelbase. That’s the same as the second-generation BMW Z4, which is not a big car. That wheelbase length is also the same as the second- and third-generation Corvettes.

Supposedly, the fit and finish of these cars was superb. Monteverdi’s experience in selling Rolls-Royce must have influenced such attention to detail.

OK, kind people…the Monteverdi High Speed 375, In Or Out?






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Not The Best Of Times

I know today’s post title can describe the current state of affairs in the world, in general, but I have something else in mind.

I am not living anyone else’s life and no one else is living mine…

On this day in 2010 one of my baseball clients, a team with whom I had worked for ten years, informed me they would “not be renewing my contract.” In other words, they were firing me. By the time the curtain closed on October 15, I was down to one client.

The last team to inform me they would “not be renewing my contract” (on 10/15) was very polite and praised my work. They offered to call other teams and to make recommendations on my behalf. I answered, “The fact that you’re not renewing my services will speak much more loudly than any recommendation.” What all of my former clients were telling me, in essence, is that I no longer had any value in any role at any price. That’s a very harsh message to hear.

Despite my last remaining client actually making an effort on my behalf with other teams, I could not add any additional clients.

I call that period from October 5, 2010 to October 15, 2010 the “Career Apocalypse.” My career was basically over. I have never been able to find another work situation that was anything close to being even satisfactory, let alone rewarding and fulfilling.

When I refer to the Black Cloud of Sh*t that has rained on me for ten years, this day in 2010 was the beginning of that storm. Other people can argue that I am fortunate in that I don’t absolutely have to work, but a job is more than just a paycheck. A good job, one where a person feels they are really using their skills and experience in an area in which they have real interest, is a very tangible boost to self-esteem and to mental health.

Despite my occasional rants, I do enjoy writing this blog and interacting with its readers. However, it’s not enough for me as I remain unfulfilled on a professional level.


Saturday, October 3rd had the most views of this blog for a day in which I did not post. However, that number was still lower than the average of the previous seven days.


From 365 Days Of Motoring:

“[On this day in 1967] Jaguar announced a revised E-type, known retrospectively as the Series 1½. This was to meet impending US emissions legislation due to come into force on 1st January 1968, and this was after it had been delayed some four months by protests from British manufacturers. Jaguar spent £250,000 to enable the E-type to meet these new regulations. The most obvious revision to the Series 1½ was the removal of the perspex headlamp covers and the moving forward of the headlamps by 2.5in. This was another bastardization of Malcolm Sayer’s design, although the Perspex covers did diffuse the headlights. According to Jaguar’s press release of the time, a total of 21 changes were made to the export cars to satisfy US regulations.”

In a global market, one country’s rules and regulations can (and do) affect companies all over the world. Regulation is NOT free. It imposes real costs on companies and makes economic output lower than it would have otherwise been.

The authors of this study concluded:


“Economic growth in the United States has, on average, been slowed by 0.8 percent per year since 1980 [through 2012] owing to the cumulative effects of regulation:

  • If regulation had been held constant at levels observed in 1980, the US economy would have been about 25 percent larger than it actually was as of 2012.
  • This means that in 2012, the economy was $4 trillion smaller than it would have been in the absence of regulatory growth since 1980.
  • This amounts to a loss of approximately $13,000 per capita, a significant amount of money for most American workers.”


As I have written before, a political ideologue is someone who refuses to acknowledge the positions they advocate have real costs. ALL policy decisions have a tradeoff. Oh, from Classic Cars a picture of a 1968 Jaguar XKE:

See the source image

One can argue the costs of regulation are outweighed by the benefits of whatever that regulation is supposed to fix. Given the imperfect nature of human beings, especially small groups of human beings, it is impossible that the benefits of all regulation always exceed the costs.







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Friday 90


I am aware of the news from 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. Honestly, I have no reaction.


I am EXTREMELY angry that WordPress, without any warning, has forced me into using their new editor. Have they ever heard of the phrase, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it?”

I don’t want to use “blocks” and I don’t want to see a stupid plus sign in a box after every hard return. I am so discombobulated that I’m not sure I can even finish this post.


After today, 2020 has just 90 days remaining. OK, Captain Obvious, why are you mentioning that? Well, something about a period of 90 days seems formal. “You have 90 days to vacate the premises.” “We have 90 days to exercise the option.”

I…just can’t finish this post. The change to the new editor is simply too much for me to handle today.


First Day Of The Last Month

I hope our reality is not as ominous as the post title might sound. All I mean is that IF everything goes according to plan, then by the end of this month my wonderful wife and I will be living in the desert.

She is very excited. I am excited to a degree, but mindful of all that remains to be done.


My one-week hiatus from blogging probably “cost” me the second best month for views/visitors among the 33 (now 34) calendar months Disaffected Musings has existed. For the first half of September, the average number of views/visitors per day was easily the second highest, exceeded only by May of this year.

I find it odd that the two most read posts for September were written in January (Where Is Cristy Lee?) and February (Throwback Thursday 36). The “old” Throwback Thursday post had twice as many views as the Cristy Lee post and I still have no idea why so many people read it. Yes, I just can’t resist poking the world in the eye with a stick.

I guess it is a good thing that people can find older posts and will read them. If some of those people begin to read the blog on a regular basis, that is also a good thing.


On this day in 1954 the Studebaker-Packard corporation officially came into being. After years of stop-start and often surreptitious talks among most or all of the American independent car manufacturers, the “mergers” began with Kaiser and Willys in 1953 and the Nash-Hudson amalgamation in early 1954 that became American Motors. George Mason, Chairman/CEO of Nash-Kelvinator, was the leading advocate for a “mega” merger of at least Hudson, Nash, Packard and Studebaker into one large company that could have competed with The Big Three. Sorry, Patrick Foster, but this idea of a grand merger did not only exist in the mind of Packard CEO James Nance.

Of course, we all know Studebaker-Packard failed quite rapidly. “Real” Packard production ended in 1956, with the company’s de facto acquisition–a de jure management contract–by Curtiss-Wright. Studebaker closed its long-time South Bend, Indiana plant in 1963 and got out of the automobile business completely in 1966.

People far more qualified than I should and have given their opinions on what went wrong. James A. Ward’s The Fall Of The Packard Motor Car Company and More Than They Promised: The Studebaker Story by Thomas E. Bonsall are two excellent books on the companies, the merger and their ultimate failure.

As I have written here so many times before, fewer automobile companies means fewer sources of innovation for engineering and for styling. In this context, Packard had long been an innovator and even up to the end was generating new ideas. Its Torsion-Level Ride was introduced for model year 1955 but only used through 1956, and the basis of such a suspension system was basically copied by Chrysler beginning in 1957 and was used all the way until 1989.

For me, I lament the loss of new styling cues or even variations on old ones that might have arisen in a car built by an American Motors (or United Motors) company formed from a large merger. As it is, some of the last Packards of the 1950s and the last Studebakers of the 1960s remain quite stylish, in my opinion.


See the source image


This 1956 Packard Four Hundred (note “400” is spelled out behind the front wheels) was a lot offered for sale at the Mecum auction in Indianpolis in 2016. To me, that looks as good or better than anything offered by The Big Three during the same period.


See the source image


The number of photos of the Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk that have appeared in this blog is way into double digits. Speaking of digits, if our net worth had at least one more, we would have a house with a garage of sufficient size that would probably have examples of one or both of these cars.

With the departure of 56PackardMan from the blogging world, this blog receives many fewer comments on Packard and defunct American car companies. Given that fact, I am writing about those topics less often. Today gives me a good reason to write about the subject again.

Please feel free to share your favorites (if any) among the American car companies that are no more.







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Bye Bye 3rd Quarter

As I have written here before at least a couple of times, despite the extreme tumult this has easily been the fastest year of my life. The fact that this is the last day of the 3rd quarter of 2020 is very difficult to comprehend.

Did you know that the S&P 500 has increased by about 7.5% this quarter? That fact makes my decision to liquidate about 40% of our equity portfolio in early June not look so smart. Maybe so, but I would probably do it again.

I thought stock markets had run too far, too fast without a COVID-19 vaccine. I smelled a Democratic sweep in November, which will probably not be good for equity markets, at least in the short/intermediate run. I also needed to raise cash to help with the purchase of our home in the desert, which will entail more than just the purchase.

In my opinion, money is not an end unto itself. While I am not a reckless spender, ultimately we save and invest so we can spend when necessary and, on occasion, when it’s not necessary. A financial services company has a commercial which presents the idea that money is a tool, not a goal. I agree with that thought. Oh, I did not grow up with money.


According to 365 Days Of Motoring (an unsecured website, which is why I didn’t embed the hyperlink), on this day in 1935 the one millionth Oldsmobile was built. Fifty years later, 1985 for those of you who are mathematically challenged, Oldsmobile ranked second among all American makes in sales/production, behind only fellow GM make Chevrolet. In that year Olds produced more than a million vehicles. By 2005, unfortunately, Oldsmobile was no more.

I have written about Oldsmobile and its numerous contributions to automotive innovation before. I have also written that it is, and will always be I suppose, the only American car company to produce automobiles in the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries.

So, what was the best-selling Oldsmobile in 1935? It was the F-35 Six, 4-door touring sedan. From a Flickr page, a picture of what I hope is that car:


See the source image


Despite being just one of 14 available models, 7 each of the F-35 Six and L-35 Eight, the F-35 Touring Sedan comprised 27% of all Oldsmobile production in 1935. It was the most expensive six-cylinder model with a price of $820, about $15,600 in 2020 dollars.

I really like some of the Oldsmobiles from the early 1960s, cars like this:



The picture is from this Hemmings ad. OK, so it resembles similar size Buicks and Pontiacs of the same period. The trim on the front doors and the Oldsmobile/Ninety Eight badging is enough for me. Besides, it had an engine unique to Olds, the 394 cubic-inch V-8. The motor was rated at 330 HP, but 440 LB-FT of torque.

Part of me still longs for a car from a defunct American make. Maybe one day I’ll get to put some of my savings/investments towards that goal.







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Shambolic Tuesday

Whether these lists are really meaningful, I can’t say. However, Disaffected Musings is listed as being among the top 150 automotive blogs on both Auto Market and Feedspot. Of course, both links read that they are only for the top 100, but actually list and rank more than 100 blogs each. Please keep reading this blog and please tell your friends. Thanks.


If this article is correct, then the Stop Sale Order issued because of contamination in the electronic brake boost system sensor only affects 38 2020 Corvettes. All of these are, apparently, among the first 3,000 Corvettes built so the Stop Sale Order is moot because the cars have already been delivered. From Motor 1 a picture of a 2020 Corvette coupe:


See the source image


From this piece by Colin Windell comes warnings about the dangers of microsleep, short bursts of sleep induced when a person is sleep-deprived and performing boring and/or monotonous tasks. From the Colin on Cars post:


“The managing director of MasterDrive, Eugene Herbert, says drivers may be more susceptible to microsleep behind the wheel.”

“Herbert explains: ‘Microsleep is a state of sleep where parts of your brain override your consciousness and you fall asleep for anything from a fraction of a second to 30 seconds. If you’re tired, bored or even doing monotonous jobs, you are susceptible to microsleep.'”

“’This becomes particularly dangerous when one is driving. Whether it is the monotony of your drive or the fact that you slept an hour less the night before, you are vulnerable to experiencing microsleep behind the wheel…'”


Even though Windell lives in South Africa, I think this piece is very relevant here. America has become a place where many people aspire to sleep as little as possible. Sleep is not an inconvenience. It is absolutely necessary; sleep plays a critical role in immune function, metabolism, memory, learning, and other vital functions. I highly recommend the book Sleep Thieves by Stanley Coren.


Which of these two do you prefer?


See the source image

See the source image


The top picture of a 2014 Buick Lacrosse is from while the bottom picture of a 2014 Lincoln MKZ is from Car Gurus. If you hadn’t guessed, these have emerged as contenders for Grocery Car/Taxi after the impending move to the desert. Note I have dropped “Corvette Companion” from the description. Given the original intent to buy a “classic” car (1963 Studebaker Gran Turismo Hawk/1963 Buick Riviera) is off the table, I don’t think “Corvette Companion” is appropriate.

Either of these cars can be purchased for well under $20,000. The six-cylinder engine available in the Buick produced 303 HP/264 LB-FT of torque. The MKZ is only available with a four-cylinder engine; the turbocharged version produced 231 HP/270 LB-FT.

Despite the recalls and maintenance costs, I guess I am still hoping to buy a Maserati Quattroporte if we have to buy a 4-door car. I would estimate the probability of that purchase at less than 25%. My next choice would be the Cadillac CTS sedan I have recently shown. Any thoughts any of you have would be appreciated.











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